The US space agency NASA’s Carbon Monitoring System which was responsible for collecting and analysing the data on the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane, has been shut down by the Trump administration. It is ironic that the decision to kill the $10 million station has come at a time when carbon level has touched its peak.
As per the reports, existing projects at the Carbon Monitoring System will be allowed to complete but the Trump administration has imposed ban on the start of the new projects at the centre. The step has been taken due to budget constraints and the administration believes that the funds need to be allocated to other important projects rather than monitoring the carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere.
Last week The TeCake reported that the concentration level of “carbon dioxide” gas in the atmosphere of the Earth has reached the all-time high. In accordance with the findings of the Mauna Loa Observatory at Hawaii, the carbon dioxide levels exceeded 410 Parts Per Million (ppm).
As the temperature in the atmosphere of the Earth is increasing day by day, so is the carbon dioxide level. The level went up to an ultimate high in the month of April with the month of March being the 5th warmest. This rise in the levels of carbon dioxide could reportedly prove to pose a catastrophic effect on the health of human beings. At this concentration level, this may not directly influence the ability of human beings to breathe. Nevertheless, a sharp increase in levels of CO2 would hike the levels of pollution and the related diseases. It also can result in retarded human cognition, and serious weather conditions involving fatal heat waves. It could even lead to the increase of disease-carrying organisms such as ticks, bugs, and mosquitoes.
The Scripps Institute of Oceanography has continuously gathered information related to the atmosphere at the Mauna Loa Observatory since the year 1956. Similar data have also been gathered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration since the year 1974 at the observatory. The data collected by them in the Hawaii observatory depict a dramatic hike in the levels of CO2 that have hiked to near about ninety ppm since that time.
At present, the carbon dioxide level is hiking very quickly. It is not at all surprising that it may increase up to 550 parts per million towards the end of this century. If that really takes place then the mean temperature of the world would increase by about six degrees Celcius. The Paris Agreement is targeted at trying to limit the temperature rise to not more than two degrees Celsius. This could help in limiting the seriousness of some of the adverse effects.
Many of the most adverse effects of the increasing concentration level of CO2 is already being experienced at the present day. There has to be a quick transition from the fossil fuels without which the resulting scenario would become more severe than ever. This is a point at which the ways of completely eliminating carbon dioxide from the Earth’s atmosphere ought to be figured out.
In addition, increase in CO2 levels give rise to global warming. A recent update of the global ocean temperature analyzed by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Science (IAP/CAS) revealed that the year 2017 recorded the warmest temperature in the oceans.
The upper levels of the oceans ranging from 2000 m and above measured about 1.51×1022 J higher in temperature than the recorded second warmest year which was 2015. The overall climate analysis between the year 1981 and 2010 also revealed that the temperature was around 19.19×1022 J more than the average.
Due to the massive heat capacity of the ocean, it accumulates the overall warmth rising due to human-based activities. This means a massive amount of the blue planet’s global warming-related heat is absorbed by the huge oceans. About 90 percent of the total heat generated by global warming goes into these water bodies.
This is a strong example that suggests that the global increase in heat recorded every year is a direct result of human-generated global warming. This removes the alleged causes like EL Nino or La Nina phenomenon from the probable causes of global warming. In a report provided by the IAP, the analysis of ocean temperatures have revealed that the past five years till 2017 have been recorded to be the warmest years for the water bodies. This means that human activities continuing for a long time are responsible for the same which hasn’t changed while turning worse every day.
A report by the JRC shows that the global average temperature will rise by 3-degree-celcius till the year 2030. After the UNCCC (United Nations Climate Change Conference) the Joint research Centre analysed all the included 155 countries’ current climate commitments, and came on the above stated report. The Commission also said that if all the countries join hand in hand, they would unitedly be able to limit the temperature rise to 2 degree celsius, which itself is a very large temperature rise in just a time domain of fifteen years.