Space

This is the mysterious story behind how space launches started from Kazakhstan

According to the reports, if conditions remain favorable, a crew consisting of 3 people would travel into space on 6th June from Kazakhstan. This Expedition 56/57 crew would involve astronaut Alexander Gerst of the European Space Agency, astronaut Serena Auñón-Chancellor of NASA and cosmonaut Sergey Prokopyev of Russia.

However, the matter to ponder is that although Kazakhstan is not actually a noted place for space programs, yet the place houses the renowned Baikonur Cosmodrome, a huge space facility from which the European and American space explorers are launching. According to the reports, there may be a story defining it.

The Kazakh cosmodrome was built during the Cold War when the country Russia was included in the Soviet Union. At that time the Space Age was at its beginning phase. The Soviets developed a space facility and named it “Baikonur” after a tiny mining town of the same name. This was a plan of the Soviets to deceive the West into thinking that the space facility was somewhere in that town while the facility was actually located in another town known as Tyuratam. The location of the Kazakh cosmodrome was unknown to the West for a longer period of time. The Soviets did not want the West to know the real location of the Kazakh cosmodrome due to security concerns.

The Soviets continued launching their space stations and space crews from the Baikonur Cosmodrome for decades. They also launched the Russian space shuttle known as Buran from the same space facility. Even the cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin got launched at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

After the Soviet Union fell in the year 1991, things changed. Kazakhstan being an independent nation was uncertain to let Russia launch its missions from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Both of the nations then had a negotiation over the Baikonur Cosmodrome’s future. Finally, the 2 countries arrived at an agreement of lease. Russia at the present pays Kazakhstan near about seven billion dollars Russian rubles per year for leasing the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

The original location of the Baikonur Cosmodrome was revealed all over the globe by the year 1991. America was concerned about the Cosmodrome fearing it would face an undesirable condition if the economy of Russia collapsed. America reached a mutual agreement that supported Russia and also benefitted the country from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The space agency NASA became part of the shuttle-Mir program that funded Russia for hosting American astronauts.

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