Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) developed a Scramjet engine for the very first time, which was tested in Andhra Pradesh and declared as successful. With this experiment, India now stands fourth in number to demonstrate flight testing of Scramjet Engine. The Scramjet engine made use of the oxygen in the atmosphere as an oxidiser and hydrogen as its fuel by realising Air Breathing Propulsion System (ABPS) by fixing it in Advanced Technology Vehicle (ATV), bringing down the cost of launch.
The rocket that weighed 3277 kg, was hugging the two engines on its either sides, when it reached the height of 11 km, the engine breathed the air. After flying for 300 seconds from Satish Dhawan Space centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, and completing the experiment, it went under the Bay of Bengal, which is 320 km away from where the rocket started.
“Now, the preparations are on for the GSLV Mark II mission on September 8 for the launch of INSAT-3DR, an Indian satellite for weather forecast, search and rescue information. It will be the second flight using the indigenously developed cryogenic engine after it was successfully used for the first time to launch GSLV-D5 in 2014,” said K Sivan, director of VSSC.
The scientists of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) and Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) are all set for the launch of GSLV Mark II on September 8, the demonstration that held on Sunday has boosted confidence in them about the technology as the space agency demonstrated air intake mechanism, sir breathing engines at supersonic speed, holding flame at supersonic speed and fuel injection system.
The cryogenic engine in GSLV Mark II is the same as that was used in GSLV-D5 two years ago, but the GSLV Mark III that will be launched next year will use advanced cryogenic engine with double capacity.