The next NASA’s mission to Mars in 2020 will emphasize a souped-up unmanned rover vehicle to explore for clues of ancient microbial life in areas of the unlivable Mars. The follower to the 2012 Curiosity rover, which could launch in July or maybe in August 2020, will be outfitted with seven new instruments and re-designed wheels, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory said. In 2020 just two years away, the space circuit is buzzing in anticipation of NASA’s Mars 2020 mission. Earlier this month, NASA revealed that the Mars 2020 rover would have 23 technologically advanced cameras to create clearing panoramas, reveal barriers, analyze the atmosphere, and assist science instruments.
Now, in another announcement, the US space agency has unveiled that the unmanned rover vehicle will examine for signs of ancient microbial life in areas of the uninhabitable Red Planet. While the Mars 2020 rover holds a similarity to its predecessor, the Curiosity rover, there is no uncertainty it’s an exceptional science machine. A drill will click the rock cores, while a caching system with a little robotic arm will seal up these specimens. Then, they’ll be stored on the Martian surface for possible pickup by a future mission.
Ken Farley, a JPL scientist, working with the Mars 2020 project, said that what we will learn from the specimens collected during this mission will have the potential to address whether we’re alone in the universe. JPL is also producing a new landing technology that will allow the rover to visit sites considered too risky for Curiosity and shear miles off its journey. The 2020 Mars mission will include the use of a sky-crane, to preserve energy usage in the arrival process.
Another extension to its landing phase will be worked out through the use of terrain-relative navigation. Throughout this system, the rover will necessarily be able to compare surface maps in its database and incoming terrain, to select a favorable landing point.
Till now NASA has fortunately landed spacecraft on Mars seven times and is using the ISS to prepare for human missions to the moon and the red planet. Most of the hardware from the Curiosity rover, which landed in 2012, will be retained for this purpose.
According to Red planet investigation Program Director Jim Watzin, the presence of technology to explore the Red Planet reduces the risks of this launch. Through this mission, NASA will attempt to study the currently Martian terrain, and create a soil map of the planet.