Scientists have finally managed to identify the structuring of our Universe, according to a new study. By analyzing the faraway quasars, the researchers have, for the first time, got vital information about the structuring of Universe. The confirmation regarding the identification of structuring of Universe was recently announced by the National Astronomical Observations (NAOC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
For the research, scientists at eBOSS, he international group which runs the largest ongoing spectroscopy survey in the world, looked at the quasars that are located about 6.8 to 10.5 billion light-years away from Earth. Quasars are high luminous active galactic nucleus present at the center of the galaxy. Quasars are the brightest objects in the Universe and release millions, billions, or even trillions of electron volts of energy.
The supermassive black holes can host the Quasars. Presence of Quasars inside a galaxy indicates that it is active one. The latest study tried to analyze the effect of gravitational force on cosmological levels. The scientists got excited when they discovered redshift distortion signals while looking at the spatial distribution of quasars. This redshift distortion is described as a special 3-D cluster mode formed by the stars under the influence of gravitational potential. According to the scientists, this redshift distortion is very vital for doing research on gravitation at the cosmological level as it is directly related top the gravitation.
A report published by the eBOSS group informed that the redshift distortion signals discovered by the latest study were generated when the Universe was in its infancy that means when it was only one-third or half the size of today. As the signals are directly co-related with gravitation, they could throw some light on the effect of gravitational force in the formation of Universe. Also, more information regarding dark matter and dark energy can be extracted through the study of these signals of Quasars that carry the 3-D cluster mode of initial structure of the Universe. The eBOSS spectroscopic survey project was established in 2014, and since then many countries have partnered with it. In May 2017, the eBOSS team successfully got hold of Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) measurements with the help of Quasars. So, Quasars carry a lot of importance in cosmological studies and that is why scientists are planning to extend their research to luminous red galaxies and emission line in 2019.