As far the number of Internet users (commonly e-commerce consumers) are increasing in India, threat from US, Chinese and Russian cybercriminals are increasing day by day. Majorly these are Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attackers, who steal data from firms and customers, says security software making company, Kaspersky.
APT is a type of attack format in which the attacker gains the access to a device or a network and stay unexposed for a long period. By staying into the network, the criminal steals data and may destroy the system.
“APT attacks are on the rise globally and those affecting India are also growing. These attacks are originating from China, the US and Russia among other countries. A major chunk of the attacks like Equation, Turla, Darkhotel, Regin, Cloud Atlas infected India as well,” Kaspersky Lab deputy director of global research and analysis team, Sergey Novikov told reporters.
As per looking to the timeline, there were only three APT announcements reported in 2012, which turned to seven in 2014, while it grew further to 11 in 2014 and 10 in the first half of 2015.
He said, “As more and more devices get connected to the internet/network, the level of sophistication of these attacks is also on the rise.” The line of discrimination between state- sponsored cyber attacks and those by criminal gangs is abbreviating as similar techniques often get used. “However, it is difficult to establish whether they are working together,” he further added.
The commonly used example of Advanced Persistent Threat is Stuxnet, which is a malicious worm that have been jointly built the American-Israeli cyber weapon to sabotage Iran’s nuclear programme.
Rainer Bock, head of strategic projects at the company assumes that we could see more complex attacks in future, which includes state-sponsored ones. “Also, the vectors of attacks will evolve. From attacking devices, cybercriminals are now looking at networks and communication channels like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and 3G,” he added.
The major targets for these types of attacks are newer devices such as ATM and PoS machines, smart cities and connected cars.