Indian Space Agency Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) low-cost Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) has sent astonishing 3-D images of the nearly 5,000 km long canyon system, Valles Marineris on Mars. For astronomers and stargazers, the spectacular images are nothing less than the gift on the occasion of 69the Independence Day.
According to scientists, the canyon system which contains several valleys is the largest such system in our entire solar system. Credit for these beautiful image goes to Mars Colour Camera that captured the 3-D shot on July 19 at a height of 1,857 km above Mars. However, scientists at Indian Space Research Organisation reconstructed the image and revealed it on Independence day. ISRO also released images of Ophir Chasma, a canyon in the Coprates quadrangleof Mars at 4° south latitude and 72.5° west longitude that is about 62 km wide and is bordered by high-walled cliffs as seen in the image.
“Ophir Chasma is part of the largest canyon system in the solar system known as vallesmarineris. The walls of the chasma contain many layers and the floors contain large deposits of layered materials.”
“The word chasma has been designated by the International Astronomical Union to refer to an elongate, steepsided depression,” ISRO said.
The Mangalyaan mission was launched by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) under the presence the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 5 November 2013 and the orbiter entered in the orbit nearly after nine months of journey on 24 September, 2014. With the Mangalyaan mission, India became the first country in the world to send a probe on Mars in its very first attempt. European, American and Russian probes have managed to orbit or land on the planet, but after several attempts.
For the Magalyaan mission, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) bagged the prestigious Space Pioneer Award 2015. The award was presented by the US’ National Space Society (NSS) in the Science and Engineering category during the 34th Annual International Space Development Conference held at Toronto in Canada during May 20-24, 2015.
ISRO’s mission has been such a success that it beat their own estimation and after completing its 6-month lifespan on the red planet, the probe was left with enough fuel to survive few more years. The MOM also went into the 15-day blackout phase during solar eclipse when Sun intervened between Mars and Earth. Scientists lost the direct connection with the probe and during those two weeks the orbital went into autonomous mode. According to the ISRO scientists, they started receiving signals from 19 June.
After the successful MOM, ISRO is planning to launch another Mars mission by 2018.