According to the publication in the journal Science Advances regarding the latest research reveal about a temple in the area Gobekli Tepe is apprehended to have functioned as a place for gatherings for a “skull cult” of Neolithic age some thousand years ago.
The archaeologists from the Archaeological Institute of Germany excavated many numbers of bones in the temple which is approximately 12,000 years aged and provide a confirmation about the 700 number of fragments of bones to be belonging to humans. Adding to the findings, more than 300 fragments of these bones came from the human skulls.
According to the latest study by the researchers, only three fragments of the skull were modified with very deep incisions. However, the carvings of stone and various other artworks were also extracted from the temple which had a very strange fascination with the human heads, more of them with decapitated samples.
The researchers further confirmed that the use of the markings was done by using the flint tools post implementation of the latest techniques of the microscope in order to examine any natural processes and activities of animals. In order to make things clear, whoever was accountable for the making of the markings did not definitely wait for the decay of the bodies and attain the bone stage. The flint tools were used for the purpose of removing the flesh from the human skull in reality that makes one hope that none among the owners of the skull was pronounced dead incorrectly.
A team member and anthropologist, Julia Gresky said “ There were very deep cuts, however, they were perfectly done. Somebody definitely wanted to make a cut with precision and not in any decorative manner.”
The prime intention of making the grooves and holes are not yet clear but the different artworks that are present in and around the premises of the temple appear to orient towards the hypothesis of “skull cult”.