A recent report states that the Arctic Sea would be free from sea ice within 2040 which was earlier estimated to be 2070! New research has specified that the ice in Arctic sea is falling down fast since past three decades.
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme have conducted an evaluation in which 90 scientists were involved. The scientists found that the projections of the ice in Arctic sea were miscalculated. The region was warming at a faster speed that can be calculated twice to the rising warmth of the rest regions of the world since 50 years.
Conducting the research, the scientists also found that the snow cover of the Arctic regions has decreased significantly. As per the scientists, the point where the ice would turn back to its freezing state has passed. The efforts for reducing the greenhouse gas emissions could be helpful in justifying the impacts of the climatic changes of the Arctic region as well as the rest regions of the world.
The incidents of droughts are rising for the impacts of the melting glaciers. This has also impacted in raising the rates of floods as well as heat waves! The rising warming of the Arctic region has badly affected the ocean currents as well as the winds that drastically affect the monsoon all around the globe. Such climatic changes majorly affect the production of food and the cropping patterns.
The melting glaciers cause the sea level to raise that, in turn, affects the cities located in the coastal areas. As per the scientists, production of carbon dioxide must be lowered as it warms the environment.
NASA reports that the ice loss in the Arctic region was around 8, 300 Sq. Miles annually between 1976 and 1996 and when this average is compared between 1996 and 2013 the loss was around 19, 500 Sq. Miles annually. Reports from NASA clarifies that the sea ice loss was more than double in comparison to both the periods.
A planetary scientist from Arizona State University has proposed a scheme for adding ice to the Arctic region. AS per the scientist, this scheme would be quite helpful in reducing the rising global temperature. This proposal would cost around $500 billion in 10 years which the taxpayers would have to bear! The scientist suggests that the thicker ice would be able to trap more heat that would lower the global temperature.
If the Arctic sea region gets free from ice then it would absolutely a major threat to the world!