Research

Lot of countries have made Antarctica their base for scientific research since 1959. Drastic change in Antarctica’s climate is causing the research centres to rethink about their base location.

Various countries maintain their bases for scientific research in Antarctica. A lot of countries have shared space for scientific research under a 1959 international treaty in Antarctica. The former military bases in the continent have now become laboratories for research to conduct new studies for future. The Carline base’s red cabins snuggle at the foot of a mountain range known as “The Three Brothers” in Antarctica. Below the vast icy structures, the shore is made up of black volcanic rocks.

The sole reason why Antarctica is used as the base centre is because it is under populated and its vast icy rocks stand best to set up base stations. But the gradual change in Antarctica’s climate is melting its glaciers and making international relation minister to re-think about the treaty that was signed earlier.

The populace of scientists and military logistics workers at the thirteen Argentina bases in Antarctica grounds can reach up to 1,000 at busy times of the year. Supplies are generally transported through boat or helicopter, as there is no other means of transportation. Even the garbage are stored and taken away by an icebreaker. Antarctica is not only base place for scientific space research for many countries, but a lot of other experts like palaeontologists and geologists conduct studies in Antarctica, since 75 million years ago., Antarctica was well preserved with dinosaurs habitats. “The signs are under the ice,” said palaeontologist Marcelo Reguero who is working in Antarctica since 1986.

Earlier the glaciers used to reach the sea shore. But now, with the change in climate in Antarctica, the glaciers have moved behind 500 metres away from the sea shore. This is causing inconvenience in transportation, says the reports so far.

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