At Washington D.C., on Apr 15 a number of the U.S. children are being diagnosed with diabetes, which is still increasing as per a recent report.In the past years, health experts have complained about the rise of childhood obesity in U.S. nearly 17% of kids and teens in the U.S. are now found to be obese, a figure that has almost tripled since the 1970s, according to a report from Centers for disease control and prevention.

The USA, nearly 29.1 million people have been living with either diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes and around 208,000 people who are younger than 20 years are surviving with diagnosed diabetes.

This is the first ever study which estimated trends in newly diagnosed cases of mainly type 1 and type 2 diabetes in young children especially below the age of 20, from the five major racial groups in the U.S: non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans.

However, the Native American youth who had participated in this SEARCH study do not belong to the representative of all Native American youth in the United States of America. Therefore, these rates cannot be unspecialized to all Native American youth throughout the nation.

According to the study, it was observed that from the year 2002 to 2012, the rate of new cases that were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in youth increased by about 1.8 percent every year. At the same time, the rate of newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes has increased more quickly, at 4.8 percent. This study included 11,244 youth ages 0-19 who suffered from type 1 diabetes and 2,846 youth ages 10-19 with type 2.

 Type 2 diabetes is found when extra fat of the body makes it hard for cells of the body to use insulin, a hormone which transforms sugar into energy. With time, levels of blood sugar rise and cause blood vessels to become tough, thereby increasing the risk of life-threatening conditions most likely heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. More than 75,000 Americans have been dying of diabetes each year, as the CDC says.

Type 2 diabetes were used to be known as adult-onset diabetes because it takes years to develop. Which in contrast to type 1 diabetes, are known as juvenile diabetes, which happens when the immune system starts destroying the cells that form insulin. But these days, type 2 is being diagnosed in school kids, and occasionally in toddlers.

When the researchers divided the data on the basis of age, they found a slight difference between 10- to a 14-year-old child and 15- to 19-year-olds.

In the year 2003, the older teens were having a slight edge, with incidences of 10 cases per 100,000 people which was compared with eight cases per 100,000 for their young counterpart. By the year 2012, that edge of diabetes had narrowed to 12.9 cases per 100,000 to 12.1 cases per 100,000.

This adjusted annual increase was same for both the age groups — 5.2% for the elder kids and 5.1% for the younger ones.

It was clearly observed, the widening of gender gap at the beginning of the study, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes was seven cases per 100,000 boys and 11.1 cases per 100,000 girls. Towards the end, the occurance increased modestly for boys (to nine cases per 100,000) but more evidently for girls (to 16.2 cases per 100,000).

The researchers then calculated that the annual increase in type 2 diabetes occurrence was 3.7% for boys and 6.2% for girls.

“Because of the early age of onset and longer diabetes duration, youth are at risk of developing diabetes-related complications at a younger age. This profoundly lessens their quality of life, shortens their life expectancy, and increases health care costs,” said epidemiologist Giuseppina Imperatore.

 

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