Space

A new supermassive black hole in a distant galaxy ‘burps’ twice, says new study

In a new study, scientists have discovered a new type of gigantic black hole that releases not one but two massive ‘burps’. These burps released by the giant black hole consist of highly charged particles. The scientists got the information about the double burping massive black hole by analyzing data collected by the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Recently, at the American Astronomical Society’s winter meeting in National Harbor, Md., outside Washington, D.C, the scientists released the images of the distant black hole.

As per the study, the humongous black hole letting out double burp is situated at the center of a galaxy which is almost 800-million light-years away from Earth. This is for the first time that scientists got hold of a massive black hole that burps twice. Burping in black hole occurs when some high energy particles are released after black hole consumes hot cosmic gas. Julie Comerford, an astronomer at the University of Colorado Boulder, informed that although Black holes are voracious eaters, it also turns out that they do not have very good table manners.

“We know a lot of examples of black holes with single burps emanating out, but we discovered a galaxy with a supermassive black hole that has not one but two burps,” said Comerford. The scientists first tried to pinpoint the exact location of the super massive blackhole using the Chandra telescope that observed the X-ray emissions coming out of the distant galaxy dubbed SDSS J1354+1327. Such big galaxies are expected to harbor supermassive black holes at their center.

When scientists looked at the Hubble’s data, they got to know that a cloud of blue-green hot is extending away from the black hole which indicated that a burp had occurred earlier. But when they were analyzing at a black hole burp that occurred almost 100,000 years ago, they found out another new belch coming out from the same cosmic sinkhole. Dr. Comerford informed that the new burp was moving like a shock wave that was coming out very fast. The burp consisted of high energy charged particles. The scientists compared this event of double burp to someone who is repeatedly eating and burping.

Comerford said, “We are seeing this object feast, burp and nap, and then feast and burp once again, which theory had predicted.” She said that their team was fortunate enough to observe the galaxy hosting the super massive black hole a t a time when they could clearly see the evidence for both the burping events. The Chandra’s X-ray observatory’s website stated that the latest discovery is a strong evidence that the combining and growing black holes can switch their power off and on again over timescales that are short when compared to the 13.8 billion-year-old Universe.

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