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NASA’s Mars Rover, also called MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1 has added a new feather to its cap by discovering the spectacular ancient Martian Valley, which is expected to be carved by running water long years ago. The Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity of NASA has successfully arrived at the primary objective of its on-going two-year lengthened mission – an ancient and mysterious fluid-carved Martian valley, chiselled on the innermost slope of a massive crater’s edge.

The Opportunity Mars Rover of NASA, which has been exploring the Red Planet since 2004 has successfully beamed back a stunning image of a prehistoric gorge, located on the innermost slope of a massive crater’s edge. After detailing the model, scientists at NASA expect the valley to be carved by flows of liquid water once upon a time – an estimation which may shed lights on the hypothesis about extraterrestrial life on Mars.

As the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity of NASA reached at the brink of the upper point of “Perseverance Valley”, back in early May this year, the fundamental purpose of its lengthened mission – clicking images and documenting views of Mars through its cameras – started revealing various parts of the area in higher resolution than what can be witnessed in the pictures, captured from the upper orbit of the Red Planet. The Perseverance Valley has created another layer of mystery in front of scientists, and Mars experts as the process that engraved Perseverance Valley into the edge of Endeavour Crater has not yet been acknowledged. As scientists are estimating, the craving has created some billions of years ago and the valley, in those days, was engraved by streams of liquefied water.

“The ancient valley may have been imprinted by the high flows of fluid water, or by a stream of powerful debris in which a small quantity of water greases a disorderly jumble of mud and boulders. Moreover, even a drier procedure, like the erosion of may also have caused such carvings possible”, said Matt Golombek, Opportunity Project Scientist atNASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the US.

As shown in the picture, the higher end of the vale has a massive mark in the top of the crater border. Now the team of ‘Opportunity’ is planning to conduct experiments and further studies in the area and the procedure to further examination will be starting by rover, clicking sets of images of the valley from two extensively isolated points at that plunge in the crater’s edge. This long-baseline stereo imaging helps scientists in collecting more information to conduct an exceptionally-detailed 3D analysis of the territory.

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