As our Earth is facing the issues of climate change and global warming, it has become necessary for the scientists to study and understand our Earth‘s climate in a better way. Hence, the US space agency NASA has decided to perfectly understand Earth’s climate and for that, it will focus on studying tiny sea creatures. For the first time ever, a group of NASA scientists has decided to study the phytoplankton, as they think that these tiny creatures can help them understand the climate of the Earth in a better. Way.
The scientists want to know the impact of phytoplankton on the Earth’s atmosphere and climate. NASA’s North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) project, which is in its fourth and final deployment stage, is getting ready to study the four distinct phases of the world’s largest phytoplankton bloom that is present in the North Atlantic.
Previous three NAAMES deployment have revealed that there has been a distinct shift in the annual cycle of phytoplankton bloom and also there has been a lack of larger-sized planking during the peak period of the bloom. Rich Moore, Deputy Project Scientist at NAAMES said that many scientists who study the bloom head to sea during the bloom’s climax or peak time in late spring and early summer. Their team also did that and they also went out during other seasons to fully capture and analyze the minimum and the transition of the bloom. “This thoroughness pays off as our ship-based scientists use these data to fully describe the entirety of the plankton bust/boom cycle,” stated Moore.
For the latest study, the scientists will focus on the bloom’s ascending transition which starts after the phytoplankton minimum in the month of February. Moore said, “No one has done this before, and we’re excited about the science findings that are beginning to trickle out now.” Phytoplankton starts to grow steadily during March-April and by May-June, they reach their climax. NASA scientists have decided to study the growth and decay of the phytoplankton in order to get better insights into Earth’s climate. The report says that the rates of phytoplankton accumulation are vital for understating the ocean conditions that result in phytoplankton growth and timing and this will, in turn, help scientists unlock the environmental drivers and controls of biological dynamics.