The U.S. space research organization NASA is all set to carry out its two-new upcoming missions. As per the report, these two new space missions will help to explore and to know about the area of 96 km above Earth’s surface about which no one knows much.
As per NASA, in January 2018, it will launch the Global-Scale Observation of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission. The second mission will be launched at the end of the year, and that will be the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission. The GOLD mission will carry an instrument, and an SES-14 satellite will carry the instrument. It will inspect the dynamic intermingling of space and Earth’ atmosphere from geostationary orbit located over the Western Hemisphere from French Guiana.
These two missions together will examine the ionosphere. It is the place between Earth and Space. The particles presented here formed a vast area of electrically-charged electrons and ions due to the radiation of Sun. Well, this area is now a plays a major part in the modern world. These layers are now providing a base for radio signals. Those radio signals are important to operate airplanes, ships, and Global Positioning System satellites. As per the report, the data that will be collected from this mission will help scientist to predict the space weather events more accurately. These events can affect life on Earth and astronauts in space.
ICON will be at 560 km above Earth and will work as a close-up camera and on the other side GOLD which will be placed around 35,398 km above Earth’s surface. The satellite will give a full-disk view of the ionosphere and the upper atmosphere in every half hour.
When ICON passes through GOLD’s field of view, each mission will get a snapshot of the same region. By overlapping the data, it will make easier to get proper information about the reasons for changes in the upper atmosphere at a given time.
Doug Rowland, the ICON mission scientist at NASA, said that the team thought that it was the solar wind that was affecting the ionosphere and the lower atmosphere was affected by terrestrial weather. Now the team will study how the energy combines with each other. So, it will help to evaluate how upper atmosphere affected by hurricanes and geomagnetic storms.
Well, NASA also is planning to launch some more space missions in 2018 to explore the space more. As per the report, the OSIRIS-Rex will visit an asteroid named Bennu. It will be launched in August 2018. It will bring rock and soil samples from that asteroid, and the scientist will use that to know about the effect of the asteroid and will develop a defense mechanism.
Apart from that, NASA has joined hand with Japan and Russia to build a space station, but this will be in the moon’s orbit. The space station is named as Space Habitat. It will work as a base camp for a different space missions to other planets. Five US companies are now developing a model for the new space station.