The employees posted at a designation of mid-level manager in the corporate sector, are at risk of depression and anxiety, as compared to those at the bottom and the top. Researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health revealed in their new study on 21,859 full-time workers, that mid-level managers might have to suffer high rates of anxiety and depression.
They found that about two times the number of supervisors and managers reported that they are suffering from anxiety as compared to the co-workers. In addition, the depression symptoms were reported by 18 percent of supervisors and managers in contrast with 12 percent of workers, says researchers.
The latest findings show that the middle of social hierarchies suffers high rates of anxiety and depression based on their position of power in the labour market and social class. The factor of higher education and low income in the corporate sector also results in the higher risks of the depression.
Seth J Prins, a first author and a doctoral student in Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health, explained, “Contradictory class locations are those that embody aspects of both ownership and labour, and using this construct we found patterns of depression and anxiety that are not easily detected or explained with standard approaches.”
“We explored how social class might influence depression and anxiety in ways that may be masked or incompletely explained by standard socioeconomic status measures,” said Prins.
In the study, the researchers have estimated the prevalence and odds of any lifetime and previous one-year depression and anxiety by occupational class categories, education, and income.
The class designations in the study have been made by sorting the employees onset into three categories:
- Owners, who identified as self-employed and earned greater than Rs. 45 Lakh;
- Managers and Supervisors, who occupied executive, administrative or managerial positions; and
- Workers, who were defined by various occupation categories in the NESARC including farmers and labourers.
Katherine Keyes, assistant professor of Epidemiology said that they can concentrate on the depression and anxiety because the average age of the respondents was older than 18 years, also, these symptoms are likely to be found in people entered in the workforce.
According to Wikipedia, depression is a state of low mood and aversion to an activity, which affects thoughts, behavior and feelings of a person. People with depressed mood feel sad anxious, hopeless, helpless, worthless, guilty, irritable, ashamed or restless. It is further reported that the depressed people may lose interest in activities that were once pleasurable, experience overeating or loss of appetite, have problems concentrating, remembering details or making decisions, and may contemplate, attempt or commit suicide.
Meanwhile, they may also suffer from the problems like insomnia, excessive sleeping, fatigue, aches, pains, digestive problems or reduced energy.