Mars has become one of most talked about celestial entity among space agencies and space enthusiasts. Scientists know that life on Earth will go extinct one day and we need to move in space to save human species. Mars is the most prominent option at present and researchers believe that they can set up a human colony on the Red Planet by next decade.
Space agencies like NASA, ISRO, ESA and SpaceX are conducting missions to Mars in order to set up a human colony. Now, another project has been announced in British-Dutch collaboration which is aimed at sending an unmanned mission to the Red Planet to explore weather patterns and living conditions.
The project named Mars One is scheduled to launch in 2018 and backed by the shareholders of a Swiss financial services company. The Mars One project is owned by two companies — the Dutch not-for-profit Mars One Foundation and a British public limited company Mars One Ventures.
“The acquisition is now only pending approval by the board of Mars One Ventures,” the company said in a joint statement with InFin Innovative Finance AG, adding approval from the Mars board would come “as soon as possible.”
“The takeover provides a solid path to funding the next steps of Mars One’s mission to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars,” the statement added.
With the Mars One project, these companies want to set up a permanent human colony on Mars by 2026. Meanwhile, scientists will send several unmanned spacecraft to Mars starting from 2018 in order to ensure the safety of people moving to the red planet.
Some 200,000 hopefuls from 140 countries initially signed up for the Mars One project, which is to be partly funded by a television reality show about the endeavour. Initially, 24 people will be selected out of 100 for the one-way trip to Mars. From there, researchers will start setting up human colony and move several people to the Red Planet on different occasions.
Moreover, the US space agency NASA and Elon Musk’s SpaceX are also aiming to set up human colony on Mars. NASA will send astronauts on Journey to Mars where they will live on the Red Planet and grow vegetables. While SpaceX is also aiming to relocate people to Mars by next decade in order to save the human race.
Last year, NASA successfully tested the prototype of the spacecraft. Engineers have designed a new thermal protection system which will enable Orion spacecraft to withstand more than 2200 degree Celcius temperature. Since it will be the first manned mission to Mars, security of astronauts is very crucial.
NASA will test Orion’s endurability during next mission named Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) in which the spacecraft will fly for at least three weeks and return back to Earth at a faster speed so that it get can tested through even hotter conditions.
World’s most powerful rocket Space Launch Station (SLS) will be used to lift up Orion spacecraft along with 13 other miniature satellites.
In addition, scientists at NASA are also developing technologies to harness resources of solar system that will be used during the journey and also after reaching the destination. These technologies are must to support and improve the efficiency of pioneering missions like Journey to Mars.
A mission to the Red Planet would be about six to nine months each way, plus the time spent on the surface. That would be without the benefit of frequent resupply missions, making it all the more important to use available resources.
All the space agencies can learn from each other and share their technology to swiftly shift humans on Mars.