Water on Mars is still poorly understood by scientists. Despite so many researches and experiments, scientists yet failed to decode the mystery of water on Martian surface completely. While up to now, no absolute credence has found which can officially corroborate the presence of water on ancient Mars, a new international study has come up with some interesting, may be a solid credential about the presence of water on ancient Mars.
A team of international scientists from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), in their recent breakthrough, have found that Mars, in ancient days was likely much dripping previously through to be. The study, in addition to this view, also suggests that the planet was also capable of supporting microbiological life. Researchers, by simulating Martian meteorites, succeeded in getting more insights about the ancient environment of Mars. As suggested by the study, the previous hypothesis and narration about water and life on Mars’s surface might be completely mistaken. Ancient Mars used to have a lot of water and life-supporting capability than it earlier estimated to be.
Up till now, a particular mineral detected in Martian meteorites was estimated to be the only proof of the ancient and dry environment of Mars. But scientists from University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) say the Red Planet, in its ancient days, might also have encompassed hydrogen, which is a necessary element of both water and life. Scientists, with the help of Berkeley Laboratory, California conducted simulations on an ancient Martian mineral that has nosed out in Martian meteorites.
For the study, researchers generated a synthetic version of the Martian mineral called whitlockite and conducted some shock-compression tests on the mineral samples. They simulated the conditions of, mineral being unnerved on a Martian meteorite. Following this step, the researchers, in order to find the microscopic compositions of the minerals, used X-rays to study it and concluded that whitlockite could be converted into a dehydrated state from those shocks and create merrillite – a commonly found material in meteorites dropped from Mars to Earth, but doesn’t naturally crop up on earth.
From the aftermaths of the simulation, the researchers determined that the Red Planet might have contained a lot more water on its surface than it previously estimated to have. It is an advance that may pave new paths for the scientists looking for more evidence of life and water on Mars as well as to the third-party space enthusiasts who are planning to colonise Mars in the coming years.
According to Martin Kunz, an associate scientist who worked on the researches of the Martian mineral samples, “Up to now, we haven’t is deduced the exact amount of water that Mars could have had. Now we only have comets or meteorites, thrown by Mars to Earth and there are much more to find out in coming days.”
The study, co-led by Oliver Tschauner and Christopher Adcock, published in journal Nature Communications.