ISRO realignes orbit of iconic Mangalyaan, Here’s why

ISRO realignes orbit of iconic Mangalyaan, Here's why

The Indian space agency ISRO has successfully realigned the orbit of the iconic Mangalyaan mission, in order to prevent the communication break in long-duration eclipse, ISRO Chairman A S Kiran Kumar said on Tuesday.

Scientists at ISRO had already announced about the realignment back in August. “The duration of the eclipse was so long that had we done nothing, the Mangalyaan’s battery capacity would have got exhausted due to lack of sun rays. No effect of the eclipse was felt on Mangalyaan yesterday.”

“On the evening of January 17, we manoeuvred to change the orbit of Mangalyaan and reduced the duration of eclipse,” said Kumar while addressing the crowd at the 6th convocation of Gujarat Technological University.

Kumar further added that the spacecraft is working so efficiently that it is still left with 30 kg of fuel which is enough to last for years. The spacecraft has burned around 7 kg of fuel in last one year which is exceptional and has exceeded everyone’s expectation.

ISRO chief also revealed about the future experiment works on second lunar mission —  Chadrayaan II scheduled for 2018. Scientists are currently testing soft landing engines at Mahendragiri and a place in Karnataka by simulating lunar surface.

While talking of Mars Orbiter, it is one of the greatest tasks of Indian Space Research Organization that was initiated two years back, on 24th September 2014. The satellite was ultimately intended to examine Mars from various angles and send information and photographs of the Planet to ISRO. While the outlining of the rocket was made for six months as far as its onboard fuel, surprisingly, the satellite is working and sending information from the space since two years.

Mars Orbit is an egg-shaped orbit spaceship with an elevated apoapsis where, with its high-resolution camera, it is capable of capturing full-disk color images of Mars. In context to the red planet Mars, a very less amount of picture has been clicked as most photos look straight down in mapping mode. But with the introduction of Mangalyaan, ISRO has become able to get several helpful pictures of the Red Planet, which gave the world practical information about the planet.

But surprisingly, the Mangalyaan mission doesn’t ruin much cash of India as its costs only $73 million (Rs.450 crores in India currency), and this is the cheaper expenses than an eight-lane bridge located in Mumbai in which Indian government invested $340 million.

If you go little more way in terms of the costs, the cost of Mars orbit Mission is also lower than the budget of film “Gravity” which ruined about $105 million. On this context, Mars Orbit Mission is no doubt is a cost-effective and reasonable project of ISRO. Apart from this, Mars Orbit satellite is also distinguished as one of the thinnest and lightweight missile that has implemented since today. It weighs only 1,350-kg  which is less than an SUV’s weight.

Due to its efficient performance and excellent information collecting capacity, Mars Orbit Mission has not only helped India to acquire useful information about Mars but also has assisted National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to complete many space research programs.

The team of Mars Orbiter Mission due to their efficiency in the exploratory skill of Mars bagged 2015 Space Pioneer Award from US-based National Space Society in the science and engineering category. National Space Society (NSS) while awarding this crown to the Mars Orbit Mission Team said that – this prestigious prize was given to the Indian agency for successfully executing a Mars mission in its very first effort.

The contribution of Mars Orbiter in two years

In two years, the satellite has done several important jobs and sent some of the most valuable data from Mars. And the most remarkable data accumulated by Mars Orbiter incorporates the recognizable proof of watery exercises among the old Martian atmosphere, and the most profound comprehension of Mar’s ice spread changes amid summer on the Northern Hemisphere. The orbiter also evaluated the layers of dust on Martian valleys and slopes that can reach up to 1.5 kilometers Mars Orbiter which is otherwise known as MOM also helped NASA in scrutinizing and the perception of two Martian satellites like Phobos and Deimos.

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