Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is targeting the month of April for its revolutionary Chandrayaan-2 launch. As per the latest reports, the Indian space agency working day and night and is living no stone unturned to make the Chandrayaan-2 mission a success. For the Chandrayaan-2 mission, scientists are planning to send an orbiter, a rover, and a lander at a time to the Moon.
For this, ISRO will use its heavy payload lifter GSLV MK II which will carry the 3,300 kg payload to space. For the Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO had used the PSLV rocket. Diving some more insights about the upcoming mission, ISRO chairman Dr. JK Sivan said to TOI that Chandraayan-2 is a challenging mission as for the first time an orbiter, a lander, and a rover would be sent to the moon. He informed that the lunar mission will be launched around April. “Once the GSLV rocket carrying the spacecraft is launched Sriharikota, the orbiter will reach the moon’s orbit in one to two months,” stated Dr. Sivan.
According to Dr. Sivan, after the spacecraft reaches the moon’s orbit, the lunar lander will get detached from the orbiter and will undergo a soft landing near the south pole of the moon. A 6-wheeled rover will already be attached to the lander during the ascent towards the lunar surface. After the lander attaches itself to the lunar surface, the lunar rover will get detached will start moving on the surface of the moon. “The rover has been designed in such a way that it will have the power to spend a lunar day or 14 Earth days on the moon’s surface and walk up to 150-200 meters,” informed Dr. Sivan.
This mission will carry a six-wheeled Rover which will travel around the landing site in the semi-autonomous mode as chosen by the ground commands. The instruments on the rover will examine the lunar surface and send back data, which will be useful for investigation of the lunar soil. The Chandrayaan-2 is measuring around 3290 kg and would orbit around the moon and achieve the objectives of remote sensing the moon. The payloads will accumulate scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signs of hydroxyl and water-ice.
The ISRO chief said that the lunar rover will do various experiments and on-site chemical analysis of the surface of the Moon and it send the collected data back to Earth through the lunar orbiter within just fifteen minutes. Dr. Sivan furthers said that after completing fifteen Earth days on Moon, the rover will into sleep mode and then will again get activated once the sunlight falls on it and recharges its solar cells.
“Besides the rover, the orbiter will also capture images of the moon while orbiting it,” added Sivan. According to Dr. Sivan, the orbiter, lander and the rover of the Chandrayaaan-2 mission are almost ready and currently, they are integrating the three components. After that, they will do rigorous tests of the readied lunar module. Sivani told TOI that the launch date will depend on various factors like the moon’s relative position with respect to the Earth.
India has emerged as one of the successful nations in the field of Space and made the dreams of the founders of the Indian Space Program come true which included eminent personalities like Vikram Sarabhai and Satish Dhawan.
Earlier in a press meet, confirmed the current head of ISRO – Mr AS Kiran Kumar in a press meet.The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s second Moon exploration mission is going to hit the skies in the first quarter of 2018.
The ISRO person in command – Mr AS Kiran Kumar, while presenting his speech at the seventh yearly convocation of Vels University, Chennai on Wednesday confirmed that India’s most ambitious lunar mission is currently in the experimental stage and are being tested for a controlled touchdown of moon’s surface during the landing time. At the first quarter of next year, the spacecraft will take wings into skies.
According to the statement of ISRO’ head, the agency is currently busy in developing an engine that enables astronomers and scientists to make the spacecraft a controlled landing on the surface of the moon. The mission is currently scheduled to have effect in the first quarter of 2018. ISRO’s scientists have already developed an artificial crater that will simulate the conditions of the lunar surface, resulting in a practical, convenient, and realistic landing try-out. Kiran Kumar, during his speech also revealed that a series of ground tests for the Chandrayaan-2 Mission is also in the pipeline and soon will be carried out in the research facilities of ISRO.
To recall, Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration mission of India, following the Chandrayaan-1, which was launched on 22 October 2008. Like its predecessor, the second lunar mission is entirely owned and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and is planned to set afloat to the Moon in the first quarter of 2018. ISRO, through a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV Mk II), will send its second lunar space probe to the skies. The mission objectives include the launch of a lunar orbiter, a Lander and Lunar Rover, all developed by ISRO.
As stated by ISRO’s head earlier, the Chandrayaan-2 mission will embark new technologies and scientific advancements for conducting new experiments on Moon. The wheeled rover, which is included with the mission will be in motion on the surface of the moon for collecting the soil or rock samples of the moon, which later will be put for on-site chemical analysis. The aftermath of the experiment later will be transmitted to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. The second lunar mission will help India to gather a number of essential data regarding the only natural satellite of Earth. The mission will also mark India’s footstep in global space industry much stronger and deeper.