Decades prior, CFCs or chlorofluorocarbons were categorised as adverse to the stratospheric ozone and are successfully eliminated by the Clean Air Act and the 1987 global pact which is renowned as the Montreal Protocol. Taking after CFCs, another major component of refrigeration units – HFCs came to the forefront, which standout amongst the most unsafe element to influence ozone layer and boost up the intensity of global warming. HFCs contain chlorine that can assault the ozone layer, which eventually brings extreme changes in climatic temperature and level. And, as a result of these perilous causes, the legislature of various nations have been attempting their best to eliminate HFCs from refrigeration units, which finally got embraced by the governments of 197 countries including India yesterday.
After almost a decade of efforts to accomplish an atmosphere advantage of up to 0.5°C decrease in global warming, 197 countries including India have at last signed the international pact in an event, on the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. After overnight discussions and debates, on Saturday in the Rwandan capital, the prolonged historical climate deal finally accomplished by the governments of 197 nations, with the aim to phase out HFCs gasses from refrigeration systems.
On Saturday, 197 countries agreed to an international agreement which has made them obligatory to eliminate hydrofluorocarbons greenhouse gasses. As declared, the deal will come into power in 2019, with the goal to eliminate the utilisation of HFCs globally 80% by the end of 2047. On this matter, UN Environment Chief Erik Solheim said, it is a great success and, we are glad to achieve such a triumph for Mother Earth. Due to the ignorance of global warming, almost half of cyclones and tornados are happening, which in other ways are destructing out planet, and with the endorsement of this International pact, it can be minimised.
India who is renowned as the topmost greenhouse gas producer knows well how vulnerable the HFCs gasses are and how in-depth impact they can create on the ozone layer. However, apart from all the information about the impacts of HFCs gasses on environmental change, India wanted to have a reasonable arrangement to eliminate gasses that are exacerbating a dangerous atmospheric deviation, and at last, it managed to attain it successfully, said by UN Environment, Chief Erik Solheim.
As mentioned in the deal, the Kigali Amendment will kick out HFCs which in other hand is expected to convey emanations abatement of 70 billion tons of CO2-equivalent by 2050, under a legally compulsory deal supported by 197 nations from all through the globe. According to Clare Perry, EIA UK Climate Campaign Leader, negotiations were expected to make, and it happened too, but 85% of embryonic nations have agreed to start working on the deal by the end of 2024, which is no doubt a very momentous achievement.