The Big Bang Theory is a popularly known hypothesis behind the existence of our universe believed to have occurred between 12 and 14 light-years ago. Big Bang created matter, antimatter, dark energy, dark matter and all other types of matter and energy that we see or “don’t” see now. Believe it or not but researchers at Harvard University conducted an extensive study on Big Bang and how the universe would eventually end and they found some fantastic results that will stun you. As per the findings, there is a possibility of the second Big Bang which would eventually obliterate the universe, however, even if it happens, it is still in extremely distant future.
Researchers at the Harvard University published their findings in the journal Physical Review D according to which, the reason behind such a catastrophe is due to destabilization of Higgs boson particle. This is a “God particle” that was discovered back in the 1960s by a team of six scientists which is the particle that gives other particles its mass. The destabilization of this god-like particle might result in the release of an extremely high burst of energy of unimaginable magnitude that will turn the chemistry and physics laws and properties upside down. Furthermore, its destabilization will also cause everything to obliterate at that time of the event creating the second Big Bang with which, the universe will come to an end.
Higgs boson particle is the elementary particle based on which, the Standard Model of Particle Physics has been structured. It is the fundamental field of particle physics which is a non-zero constant value that gives every particle its mass. It is also one of the central problems that have been unverified for decades after its discovery. A particle was created with the mass 12 GeV in 2012 which was later confirmed as the Higgs boson. As per the research paper, the probability of such an event is approximately 10 to the 139th power which is literally quinquadragintillion years from today. The number in itself is out of perception as it has 1 followed by 139 zeros or 46 sets of 000s.
The actual number reads: “1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000″.
However, researchers strongly believe that the event could occur sooner that is at least 10 to the 58th power which is around 10 octodecillion years from today with a 95% probability of its occurrence. Researchers wanted a more accurate timeline and thus, the second number was pinned down between which, the second Big Bang will occur.
Higgs boson particle was discovered back in the 1960s, however, it was only in 2012-2013 when the existence of an actual Higgs boson particle was confirmed after its creation in a Large Hadron Collider in the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). The researchers performed varied tests on the previously unidentified particle from where they confirmed the particle as a Higgs boson which gives other particles their mass. However, researchers also found out that the Higgs boson also has a mass of its own which has been constant for a long time. However, it is believed that in case if the mass of this elementary particle changes, it will speed up the process of the second Big Bang which might be inevitable.
In an interview with New York Post, physicist Joseph Lykken at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory notes “It turns out we‘re right on the edge between a stable universe and an unstable universe”. It means that although the universe can still last for a longer time, it will eventually end up meeting its fate of a colossal ‘boom’ when it will finally come to its end. As per Ruth Gregory, a professor at the Durham University notes that strange interactions between particles in the space-time curving caused due to massive black hole might be the reason behind unstable Higgs boson and the fate of the universe. Researchers have already warned that the collapse of this god particle might have already started which has triggered the further investigate whether the end of the universe is related to this mysterious particle or not.