India is the second most populated country in the entire world. And it becomes easier to comprehend that a large proportion of people reside in the country. Larger population gives rise to higher land disputes. In India, land records play a crucial role to maintain the economy of the country which in turn makes land record a significant player as far as the disputes are concerned.
When people discuss the land disputes, the only thing which strikes their mind is the land records. By the looks of it, the government of India has a specific act which furthermore establishing the disputes of the land. Even in a developing country such as India, digitization is growing at an alarming rate. So this brings out a simple conclusion, and that is why can’t the land records be digitized? Technology is changing the way we are looking at the world as of now. And this brings out a probable conclusion that land records can also be part of the digitized technology.
The millennial and the post-millennial generation are blessed with the ease of technology. The digitized world has taken the world with the storm, and at the same time, it has also benefited the human race. The same benefit can also make its way to India. As mentioned earlier, the land records are not merely the part of the Indian economy, and the land records also play a crucial role in shaping the modern-day human history.
When people take a closer look at India’s land record system, people are very well aware of the fact of the fact that the details are inscribed in the large as well as heavy books along with important files. They are also kept in a larger unit, and it takes a lot of space because of record keeping. The process on the other hand in also quite time-consuming. If people start digitizing the records of land, it will naturally save time and energy.
For instance, if the government of Delhi decides to put the records in a computer and eventually turn it up into a digitized ledger such as the Bhulekh records which are called the Bhulekh/Apna Khata online. Similarly, Uttar Pradesh government has launched its UP Bhulekh. This makes the districts to have a recorded land on the internet.
As of now, the land records of Delhi are also available for an everyday commoner in Delhi. Back in March 2018, the land records of 192 villages have reportedly been digitized. Delhi’s government has also made provisions for each district to go into online records. As of now, around 224 villages are in dire need to getting digitized. This looks like a modern-day revolution regarding land records. Before dwelling further, it is essential to know the basics.
What is a land record?
In simple terms, the land record can be termed as the registration of the land. The crucial components of a land record are crop inspection, a record of rights, registered dispute cases among others. A land record is also comprised of a geographical shape, size, and the type of soil which grows the crops. There is also information such as crops, irrigations which also comprises a lad record as a whole.
UP Bhumi Abhilekh
The Central Government of India has launched the National Land Records Modernization Programme also known as NLRMP. The programme aimed to modernize the land records back in 2008. The programme eventually became one of the most critical programmes related to safekeeping the land records, and as of now, the programme is regarded as Digital India land records modernization programme (DILRMP).
This central government programme is about the digitization of land records. The programme includes integration of textual, map, re-survey, survey, spatial date, settlement of disputes, integration with the land records maintenance system, computerizing the registration, geospatial information system as well as information regarding the capacity building.
Many Indian states have undergone the program and digitized their land records. Some of the important states which have adopted the programme are Rajasthan, Haryana, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, and West Bengal.
3 Benefits of digitizing the land records
It saves time:
One of the major advantages of digitizing the land records is that the process is going to save a lot of time. When the land records are digitized, it becomes more comfortable to check the records in computer and also in a smartphone.
The new digitized system for booking keeping aims at implementing the titling system of the land. At the same time, it also guarantees to guard the land records and make them accessible to anyone. This will also help in avoiding disputes as well as litigation. Digitizing the land records will create a sense of transparency between both the public as well as policy. This way will also aid in reducing the corruption case in the country. The moment the land records are open to the general public, it creates a high value of transparency among the general public as well as the system.
Easy to maintain:
It is extremely easy to maintain the digitized lands records, and at the same time it is also extremely easy to view them. With digitization, smooth maintenance of the documents can also be ensured.
How to check the land records on the Internet?
For instance, consider looking up for the details of the land records of southwest Delhi.
If the Khata No. is 108, Jia Sarai, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016. There is some step you are going to have to follow.
Visit the official page of the land records of any state. If you want to check the land records of Delhi, then, click on the link https://www.dlrc.delhigovt.nic.in/.
The next step is to select the sub-division or the name of the district where the land is located. With accordance to the details mentioned above the land is situated in Jia Sarai, Hauz Khas.
Then you have to select the village or a tehsil. It brings out the fact that the tehsil is Jia Sarai 1. Then you have to choose Khata type, landholders such as Bhumihars. Then it is essential to take a peek at the lands who have heritable, permanent and transferable rights for their land holdings. There is a category called Asami where the sub-tenants or the tenants are in possession of land coming from gaon samaj.
If you want to get your hands on the details then you have to do is search with the help of khasra number which is also the owner’s name. In the example Khata, number 108 has been selected.
Once you click on view Khata details. You will find the necessary information that also includes the details of the proportion of the land owned by the landowner. Khasra number is the area of the land.
From here it becomes easier to proceed further with the details of Khatauni.