Science

Biting midges are helping to solve a decade long myth about India

tiny midges

By analysing the enclosed midges inside amber, scientists from the University of Bonn in Germany are now nearing to solve a myth that says before India’s collision with Eurasian Plate, it was migrating alone for 30 years post its separation from Africa and Madagascar.

These scientists carried out an extensive search for amber near Surat of India and discovered some tiny midges inside it. They have a size not more than a millimetre. To their great surprise, the descendants of these flies can also be seen today in the forest of Germany. They are also referred as “biting midges” which are expert in sucking the blood out of your body.

The discovered midges are bearing very much similarity with that of midges of similar age from Europe and Asia. On further experimenting on this, a team of scientists from University of Gdansk (Poland) and Lucknow told that these midges are supposed to be flying between Europe, Asia and India, which could not have been possible if India was isolated.

The experiment was carried out on 38 encased biting midges from Europe and China. The result showed the character similarity. According to lead author Frauke Stebner from the Steinmann Institute at University of Bonn, midges of Baltic showed exact character with that from Fushun in north-east China.

Though nothing has been surfaced yet that can pave strong proof against the above said claims but scientists are guessing that it must be the ocean mammals and birds those might have the active hand in the displacement of these biting midges from one continent to other.

Frauke Stebner also quoted in the journal PLOS ONE that the bloodsuckers from India do not pose so much power to fly long distances. That’s  why it is not probably possible for these insects to fly such a long distance during migration.

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