Archaeologists based in Mexico recently excavated a miniature look-a-like of the thousand-year-old universe near the foothills of Iztaccihuatl volcano. The shrine discovered by the researchers is the stone “tetzacualco” which was found amidst the heart of a natural water body near the volcano at a height of 13,000ft. The site of the excavation is known as Nahualac where the archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History found certain decorative objects that were linked to the god of rain known as Tlaloc.
As described by the archaeologist Iris Del Rocio Hernandez, the ancient stone framework is related to the Meso-American myth about a monster that looked like a dragon and was named “Cipactli.” According to the legend, the Cipactli is known as the monster of Earth who floated around in the waters of ancient Earth. The monster split itself into two parts which resulted in the creation of heaven and Earth.
The shrine creates an optical effect in the water which denotes that the location is an accurate representation of the time and space that existed in the primeval era. As described by the researchers, the shrine has been created to look like it is floating on the surface of the water. Hernandez further said that the surrounding environment exactly looks like the “quincunx” which is a geometric concept where four articles are kept at corners of a square shape or rectangle with a fifth one at the center.
Water was an important part of the Meso-American culture as many ritual elements of architecture played an important part in the same. The Nahualac is separated into two areas, the first being a pond or water body consisting a rectangularly shaped temple created from stones stacked together without the use of cement. This temple was built during the pre-Hispanic era. The second area was located around 150 meters in the south-east direction of the pond. Here numerous ceramic pieces decorated with specific elements related to the rain-god known as Tlaloc were found. Here many ceramic objects were identified belonging to a different era that included Mazapa (850 to 900 AD), Coyotlatelco (750-900 AD) as well as some from the Tollan Complex (900-1150 AD).
Desire Charnay, a famous French archaeologist who was renowned for the explorations conducted in Mexico along with Central America also visited this mysterious site somewhere around the nineteenth century. Apart from that, Jose Luis Lorenzo, an archaeologist, provided a well-detailed description of the place along with related sketches in the year 1957.