The countryside of British Columbia once thrived with the woodland caribou herd which reared its young ones in the multi-ecosystem of Canada that houses everything from mountains to lush forests and sea-side views. However, a recent decline in the number of this member from the Cervidae family has alarmed the natural resource officers who brought in the “Species At Risk Act” (SARA) in order to protect this endangered species. However, despite such significant measures, the species is still at risk.
As per the latest insights into the population of this species, they could vanish from existence in Canada in the upcoming years if the rate of decline continues to accelerate. The risk to these species comes from covert projects for construction including hunting, poaching and climate change. The officials have been able to stop the effects of construction projects but the species is still declining at an alarming rate.
Researchers suggest that insufficient funding along with improper collaboration amidst the private landowners and government has led to the failure of laws implemented by the Canadian government to protect the threatened and endangered species in the country. A researcher from the Smart Prosperity Institute, Scott McFatridge, at the University of Ottawa stated that the sense present with numerous parties has been unable to get the laws exactly where they are supposed to be. The only way for effective implementation is proper collaboration.
Researchers at the University of Northern B.C. explain that the five endangered herds are still collapsing at a substantial rate even when the Canadian government is using strategies such as habitat protection, predator control, and captive breeding. All this together is supposed to help the species thrive but the same cannot be seen.
However, in the year 2013, it was found that Ottawa didn’t cover the legal phases and requirements that were essential for proper management plans and recovery strategies. As per the report, more than 146 strategies for recovery were incomplete. More than ninety percent of the plan of action was incomplete along with partially completed management plans for endangered species.
During the last fall, most of the Canadian provinces reflected a failure when it came to adhering to the federal deadlines by the government for Caribou Recovery. The plans are being implemented like patchwork which isn’t efficient to establish a strong plan for species protection.
The Minister of Lands, Natural Resource, and Forests operation for British Columbia explained via an email that the proper implementation and its failure or success can only be determined after a term of five years from now. He also mentioned that any proposal for the development of stability in the region requires the government to keep aside 4 hectares of Canadian land for each hectare of land disturbed by human activities. Numerous environmental groups stated that the halt on predators won’t be effective unless significant habitat protection system is implemented.
The current act contains all the necessary tools but proper implementation is only possible with well-established collaboration. Under the act, “Habitat Stewardship Program” provides support to the initiatives by the general public to protect habitat and recover endangered species. The act also issues permits for educational and scientific activities that could help the protection of threatened species. It also helps in the implementation of emergency measure for critically threatened species.