American Space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has started to preparing for the pioneering mission of sending humans to Mars. To simulate how life will be on mars, NASA has designed a dome like structure in barren lands of Hawaii in which six astronauts will live for next one-year starting on Friday 28 August.
The six-member team includes a French astrobiologist, a German physicist and four Americans; a pilot, an architect, a doctor/journalist and a soil scientist.
The dome which is 11 in diameters and is just six metres in height has enough space to give adequate privacy to each team member, says NASA. Every member will get own cot to sleep, a small working area with desk inside their rooms and they will be eating space food — canned tuna and powdered cheese.
On a mission that might stretch up to three years, every team member needs to wear spacesuit if they get out of their dome, this is just to imitate life on the red planet as their they won’t get oxygen and spacesuit in such a scenario is must. Astronauts will also get internet access.
According to NASA, barren land of Hawai is the best place to simulate life on Mars and the mission will give an insight on how will it be when astronauts reach Mars for their year-long mission. Doesn’t matter how good as a person you are, disputes are bound to happen while living in such a small area, The year-long mission will help astronauts in adjusting to situation even after disputes and help them channelising their efforts.
Kim Binstead, project’s principle investigator and professor at the University of Hawaii said that the mission help in enhancing our understanding of psychological and social factors involved in long-duration space exploration.