Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to reach and explore Venus, also an asteroid nearby after successfully reaching Moon and Mars. Indian space agency is also planning to give second visit to Mars and Moon with Mangalyaan-2 and Chandrayaan-2 mission respectivey..
Venus is the second planet in our solar system. Since, Venus is one of the hottest planet in our solar system it appears like an orange fire ball if watched through a telescope in the night sky. Some scientists call Venus as the twin of our Earth due to spectacular similarities. If we go by mythology, Venus is the planet of love, wealth and prosperity and it was named after the Greek goddess of love and beauty.
Venus is not habitable since its atmosphere mostly consists of carbon dioxide and temperature at the planet hover around 460 degree Celcius. Venus is located nearly 261 million kilometres far from the Earth and takes 224 days to complete one revolution around the Sun.
Kiran Kumar, Chairman of ISRO said that they are looking forward to next planetary mission and it could be a repeat mission on Mars, a mission on Venus or an asteroid mission. He further added that after the success of Mangalyaan, ISRO planning to revisit the red planet with Mangalyaan-2 mission scheduled in 2018. Scientists have already started working on the Rs 500 crore Mars-2 mission in Bangalore and it will be launched using the GSLV Mk-II.
“Overall capability we have demonstrated that we can go up to Mars with a minimal launcher and the next thing will be to look at the science portion and it can be more science driven,” Mr Kumar said.
Mr Kiran also said that the Indian space agency is making a 10-year road map for future missions and planetary explorations including asteroids. A mission to revisit Moon is on the track, Chandrayaan-2.
Moreover, Russia, the United States and the European Space Agency have had missions to Venus till date. ISRO will become fourth agency to achieve the feat.
India’s low-cost Mars Orbiter Mission was praised by many and showed the world what ISRO is capable of. ISRO also won prestigious Space Pioneer Award 2015 for Mangalyaan mission. ISRO launched five British satellites using PSLV-C28 on 10 July this year. With the growing reputation of Indian space agency in the field of space exploration several other countries including USA are willing to collaborate with ISRO. According to reports, ISRO’s visit to an asteroid will be in partnership with American space agency NASA.