As the clock struck New Year, China made an impressive proclamation about its space exploration programs for the next five-year which also includes the introduction of world’s highest altitude telescopes for monitoring and studying cosmic gravitational waves.
As per the declaration made by the Yao Yongqiang, the Head Researcher with the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China is gearing up for putting up world’s highest altitude gravitational wave telescopes close to Line of Actual Control. India will lend a hand to China for completing this ground-breaking mission. Comprising the whopping budget of 130 million Yuan or USD 18.8 million, the very expensive telescopes are expected to come into effect by the end of 2020. The two-phase telescope mission is designed to monitor and study the weakest echoes sourcing from the reverberating of cosmos.
Ultimately, the telescopes will work on revealing the hidden facts and details about the unsolved Big Bang theory. With the introduction of these new telescopes, scientists are expected to bring the puzzled Big Bang Theory to an end. It has been so long, that the scientists are trying to crack the enigmas of the Big Bang Theory, which is about the birth and configuration of the cosmos. The soon-to-be-executed telescopes will help scientists to explore more about the Big Bang theory and detecting the faintest reverberations resonating from the cosmos. The telescopes will be employed in Tibet, close to the Line of Actual Control.
The project is mutually conducting by the Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Institute of High Energy Physics, and National Astronomical Observatories. The configuration and development of the first highest gravitational wave telescope have already in progress at 30 km south of Shiquanhe Town, in Ngari Prefecture. With the code-name ‘Ngari No 1’is positioned at 5,250 meters over the sea level. Once it starts functioning, the telescope will work on detecting precise details about the antediluvian cosmic gravitational waves in the Northern Hemisphere. With sky-soaring altitude, unequivocal sky and less human commotion, Ngari is one of the world’s best locations to monitor and detect the tiny cosmic rays. The regions of Nagri are very last Tibetan territory, located at China’s boundary with India. And hence the mission will be a collaborative effort of both China and India.
According to Yao Yongqiang, in the second phase of the mission, there will be another telescope, code-named as ‘Ngari No 2’. The second telescope will be a two-phased telescope which is scheduled to put up nearly 6,000 meters over the sea level. Though no particular timeline is yet available for the Ngari No 2, but it is expected to tag along with the first one. Yao also confirmed that the second Ngari gravitational wave observatory will cost 130 million Yuan (USD 18.8 million).
According to Yao, after the placement of the two-phased telescope, the Ngari observatory, together with the South Pole Telescope and the Chile’s Atacama Desert facility, will be counted among the top prehistoric gravitational wave observation bases of the world.
These parts of Nagri are the last Tibetan territory at China’s border with India. The project was actually initiated by the Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), National Astronomical Observatories (NAO), and Shanghai Institute of Microsystems and Information Technology. The main aim of this project is to find more about the Big Bang theory.
Last September 2016, China custom-made the world’s largest radio telescope in a mountainous region of southwest China’s Guizhou Province. This telescope was set to search for more strange objects in the space, gain better understanding of the origin of the universe and to boost the global search for extraterrestrial life.