American space agency NASA will launch manned Orion spacecraft that will take four astronauts on Journey to Mars. For the purpose, NASA will use their most powerful rocket named Space Launch Station (SLS). Whats’ striking is that the SLS will also lift up 13 miniature satellites, CubeSats along with the Orion spacecraft.
The main purpose of the Space Launch Station will be to investigate the integrated system performance of Orion and the rocket earlier to the first crewed flight. The first flight of SLS is referred as Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) offers the rare opportunity for the small experiments for reaching deep destinations in space, as most launch opportunities for CubeSats are limited to low-earth orbit.
SLS rocket will be designed to have a 77-ton lift capacity, but it eventually will supply an unparalleled capacity of lifting about 143 tons, that will enable the missions to travel even more ahead into our solar system, including the destinations like as an asteroid and Mars. Four of the launching 13 satellites will be used for studying the Moon, for the purposes of searching water ice and other resources to get more facts on our nearest neighbour in space.
The SLS is offering an incredible opportunity in order to handle the science missions and the test key technologies beyond the low-Earth orbit, the payloads will advance the knowledge of the scientists regarding the deep space with minimal cost.
One small satellite known as BioSentinel will be utilizing yeast to detect, measure and compare the effect of deep space radiation on living entities over extensive durations in deep space. The CubeSats will be deployed following Orion separation from the upper stage and once the Orion is away at a safe distance from the planet.
A test-fire of the Ares 1’s five-segment solid rocket motor. The Ares program started to wind down in 2009. The SLS was built to replace it.