After China implemented the one-child policy, now Britain might come up with another policy that will prevent a mother from giving birth to her child. According to Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act, Britain might prevent a mother from giving birth to second child if her first child was born with a disease. The law only grants permission to give birth to a disease-free child.
Vicky Holiday, 38, a British mother, unwillingly can’t have her second child as her first child was born with a disease caused by defective mitochondria DNA. However, to overcome this problem, scientists have come up with a solution. Scientists say that DNA of another mother could be used to correct the deficiency present in the baby, thus a child would actually have three parents instead of normal 2 parents.
Holiday will be the first in Britain to create a baby with three parents. Currently, Holiday is under treatment by Doug Turnbull, professor of neurology at Newcastle University, who has spent more than 15 years in developing the technique so that three parents can participate in creating a baby. In the technique, DNA of second mother is used along with her own nucleus. This process eliminates any anomaly or disease present in the baby and the baby is born disease free. Moreover, the child inherits characteristics from all the three parents which will be passed to the future generations.
Holiday appealed to the lawmakers to amend the law and approve the technique so she can have a healthy baby. ‘It would mean so much to us to be able to have a healthy child.’ She explained that this treatment would help not only them but also others who might face such situations, if MPs vote to allow this treatment. ‘When you’re given the worst possible news it helps to have a little bit of hope,’ she said
Her first child was born healthy but defective mitochondria DNA was present in the genes of her mother and grandmother who were unaffected. After passing to generations the defect got magnified and it affected her child born in 2013. Jessica, Holiday’s daughter is among the 5000 thousand British children who are suffering from mitochondria disorders.