While giving a speech in Rajya Sabha on Tuesday, Health Minister J P Nadda said that more that six percent Indian citizens have mental illness majorly due to lack of awareness. The National Commission on Macroeconomic and Health conducted a survey back in 2005 and it was revealed that nearly 75 million people in India are having mental disorders like depression, stress, anxiety and schizophrenia.
6.5 percent mentally ill population includes 1-2 percent people (nearly 15-20 million) suffering from severe mental problems like schizophrenia and bipolar disorders while 5 percent of the population (50 million) are suffering from common mental disorders like stress, anxiety and depression.
Nadda also accepted that the data provided is decade old and in the year 2015 the figures must be several folds due to changing lifestyle. While giving an explanation on the gigantic numbers, he said that lack of awareness with the diagnose of mental disorders is one of the biggest problems. Most of the people in India suffering from mental disorders do not know that they are suffering from any such disease.
To create awareness and treat patients, Nadda said that there are three centrally-run mental health institutes, 40 state-run medical hospitals and 398 departments of psychiatry in various medical colleges (183 in government and 215 in private) in rural and urban areas. In addition, District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) in 241 districts in all the 36 states/UTs has been started by the government to treat mentally ill country citizens. The DMHP program includes school, work place stress management, counseling, suicide prevention, etc.
Moreover, whenever you develop persistent feeling of emptiness or feeling sad or anxious, feeling hopeless or negative, irritability or restlessness, lack of interest in hobbies and other activities, loss of appetite and hallucinations in case of schizophrenia, then chances are there you might be suffering from mental disorder and it’s time consult your mental doctor.